When compared to the conventional copper conductor cables, fibre optic cable stands out for many desirable features. Because they use light as the principal conveyance source for information, they are much faster, even outreaching the highest-grade copper cabling. As they have a lower rate of signal power loss, they can also travel far longer distances. Interference, too, is much lower in fibre optic cabling as they don't carry an electrical signal. They are also super-strong and weather-resistant to a great extent. Thus if you want to work along with fibre optic technology, get some connectors ready now.
The design of the fibre optic connector
A reliable fibre optical connection demands the fibre ends to be visually sleek and smooth, along with a proper alignment. The 'ferrule', an element inside the connector, secure the alignment while connector mating occurs. The optic connector design consists of the connector body, the coupling device and the cable. The ferrule resides within the connector body.
Types of fibre optic connectors
There is a wide range of variety in fibre optic connectors. Some of the most common types include SC, LC and ST connectors. The SC connector is perhaps the most widely used variant as it is compatible with various environments. It has a 2.5mm ferrule housed and uses a direct pull-push motion to latch onto the cable. Meanwhile, LC connectors are very compact, making them a perfect option for applications with limited space. They house a 1.25mm ferrule. ST connectors, though still used, are being manufactured less presently. They have a secure bayonet connection.Apart from glass connectors, plastic fibre optic connectors are also made in relatively smaller numbers. They are much cheaper and are devised for only easy applications. They are available in standard as well as proprietary designs.
Features in check
When picking a fibre optic connector, some significant aspects have to be taken into consideration. The threshold of operating temperature and the diameter limit of cable allowed for the connector is just a few. The ferrule has to be made of high-grade polymer, ceramic or stainless steel.